Use citrus fertilizer during the growing season, and less in winter months when days are shorter. Its summer blossoms are exquisitely fragrant with fruit ripening in winter. Initial Instructions Water thoroughly when soil is dry — test soil moisture with your finger or soil moisture meter. 6-15 feet tall in the ground. During the first dormant season, select 3 strong limbs that are between 2-4 feet off the ground, and remove all but these branches. Your kumquat will also survive if you give it bright, indirect sun. Soil TypeWell drained, acidic. Hand pollinate by moving pollen from flower to flower with a small, soft paintbrush or cotton swab. Treat with Pyrethrin or Neem oil. are low-growing evergreen trees that grow a mature height of between 8 to 10 feet, producing glossy, narrow leaves and fragrant spring flowers. Kumquats are best suited for a bright, full sun location in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. Once established, only water during extended periods of drought, when the plant is in flower and when fruit is developing. Grow in full sun outdoors during warm months. Very hardy small tree with fragrant flowers that bloom throughout the growing season. Plants are shipped in 3 gallon pots. Mulch helps to retain moisture in the soil and suppress weeds. This species, Fortunella obovata, has a compact growth habit and glossy leaves, which makes it popular as an ornamental citrus. Keep the mulch well away from the trunk of the tree, as a wet trunk can attract disease. In the winter, mulch keeps the roots warm. If growing it in a pot, in the winter place your plant in a well-lit room. However, trees can be pruned to any shape or height. Size at Maturity3-6 feet tall when container grown. Fragrant white flowers bloom from … Once the tree is established, water during dry spells. Both species hail from China, and have been cultivated in the West since the 1800s. When planted in the ground, Fukushu will reach 6-10 feet tall, shorter as a container plant. A soil pH between 5 and 6 is best. © Copyright 2019 Territorial Seed Company. As part of your kumquat tree care, you should keep the soil moist around young trees, but not wet or soggy. How to Fertilize a Leptospermum Laevigatum Australian Tea Tree. Prune away dead or diseased branches with pruning shears or a pruning saw. All of our citrus are well suited for cultivation indoors as houseplants. Be careful to keep the soil from becoming soggy. Mulch if with a 2- to 3-inch layer of organic mulch such as shredded leaves. To prune during subsequent dormant seasons, cut damaged, weak or dead limbs, and shape tree as needed. In areas with cold winters, bring indoors and locate in a south facing, sunny window during frosty months. To encourage the tree to become established, remove any blossoms that may appear during the first season. Weeds compete with the kumquat for nutrients and water, and can also harbor pests. --OVERVIEW-- Large kumquat with sweet thin skin and tart juicy pulp. Wishhart holds a Bachelor of Arts in fine arts and English literature from the University of California, Santa Cruz. We have selected these special varieties for their vigor, beauty, productivity, and practical utility. This keeps the tree looking tidy, and prevents disease from spreading. It likes 1/2 day to full sun and well drained soil. Bloom Time Year-round YieldSeveral dozen fruit per year. At 1 1/2 inches long, the oval fruit boasts thin, sweet, edible rind with tart, acidic flesh and few seeds. At this stage of development, they are mature enough to produce fruit. PollinationOur citrus is self-fertile, but will require hand-pollination when it is indoors. Their trunk diameter ranges 1/2-3/4 inches, above-ground height is over 2 feet, and foliage canopy more than 1 foot in diameter. The leaves are broader and fruit larger than other kumquat species. The tree produces small yellowish orange fruits in the fall that boast a distinctive combination of sweet and sour. Current Facts Fukushu kumquats a large, relatively modern variety of kumquat from Japan. Use a fertilizer designed for … The primary species cultivated in the United States are the oblong shaped Meiwa kumquat (Fortunella crassifolia) and the round Nagami kumquat (Fortunella japonica). You can place it in a sunny window (though be careful that too much direct sun doesn't burn your plant), or set it under grow lights or shop lights fitted with one cool and one warm bulb. It likes 1/2 day to full sun and well drained soil. A layer of mulch around the trunk of the tree will protect the roots, suppress competitive weeds and conserve water. During the first growing season don't let the soil dry out. At Territorial Seeds our products are backed by our. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Providing the right cultural conditions from the start will help the tree to have a long, healthy life. Fukushu kumquats are available year-round with peak season in the cooler winter months. Periodic deep waterings during the growing season will help your tree grow strong and be less susceptible to drought. Light Requirements Full sun to part shade, or a sunny window indoors. Fertilizer can boost flower and fruit production and increase overall tree health. Michelle Wishhart is a writer based in Portland, Ore. She has been writing professionally since 2005, starting with her position as a staff arts writer for City on a Hill Press, an alternative weekly newspaper in Santa Cruz, Calif. An avid gardener, Wishhart worked as a Wholesale Nursery Grower at Encinal Nursery for two years. Dig out any weeds that appear near the trunk of the tree with a spade. At 1 1/2 inches long, the oval fruit boasts thin, sweet, edible rind with tart, acidic flesh and few seeds. Site and Soil: Fukushu Kumquat can be grown outdoors in regions with mild winters. Caterpillars can be picked off by hand, while scale and mites may require regular applications of horticultural oil. If your account was created prior to November 18th, 2019 you will need to create a new account. All Rights Reserved. It's an especially hardy variety that can withstand temperatures as low as 28°F without protection. Weeds compete with the kumquat for nutrients and water, and can also harbor pests. How Long Is It for a Citrus Tree to Produce? Fortunella obovata Fukushu is a naturally small tree with a spreading habit that makes it an attractive ornamental shrub. Check for common citrus pests such as scale insects, mites and caterpillars. Do not let the soil become flooded or waterlogged: kumquats cannot stand having "wet feet" and may succumb to root rot or other fungal diseases if watered too much. When quality matters, plant Territorial Seed. Dig out any weeds that appear near the trunk of the tree with a spade. Pests & Diseases Outdoors citrus is not bothered by pests or diseases; indoors watch for mites and aphids. Highly ornamental with lovely round leaves. Withhold fertilizer for the first two or three months. Kumquats are cold-hardy trees that will generally thrive if grown in proper conditions. Click here for Citrus Growing Tips Click here for Growing FAQ's By law, we cannot ship Potted plants dry out more quickly, so water them more often. It's an especially hardy variety that can withstand temperatures as low as 28°F without protection. Apply a citrus fertilizer to the soil during the growing season, about every six weeks, or as directed by the label. Avoid piling the mulch up against the base of the plant; leave an inch or so of space around the trunk clear of mulch. CultivationMake sure the soil around the roots stays evenly moist for several weeks after planting. The Fukushu kumquat (Fortunella obovata) can live indoors in sunny windows or home greenhouses, but gardeners should take it out to sunbathe on balconies and patios during sunny summer days. A member of the citrus family, kumquats (Fortunella spp.) This will be the foundation framework for the tree. When planted in the ground, Fukushu will reach 6-10 feet tall, shorter as a container plant. Our citrus trees are 2-3 years old, well-developed and branched with large, healthy root systems. Grafted onto semi-dwarf rootstock. Do not over water (water too frequently or allow the plants to stand in water)! Changshou Kumquat (Fortunella obovata ‘Fukushu’) Rare and hard-to-find, the Changshou Kumquat is grown for its large juicy fruit. Water regularly after planting with a garden hose to help the tree establish healthy, deep roots.